Design considerations of the grandstand

Grandstand and grandstand designs vary from location to location, so it is accurate to say that grandstand designs are suitable for a variety of locations and/or uses. From the large structures at racetracks and major stadiums to the small seating rows used to cheer on local minor league teams, stands and bleachers take spectator seating to a new level for the great game.


When planning your space, there are a few things to consider when choosing from the many options. 

1: Maximize your space

Angular frame construction – The space under the seats does not exist because the frame and cross supports required for such a structure take advantage of this space. Good designers are good at maximizing space in Spaces that are demanding and know how to adjust to meet the needs of each facility.

Beam and column construction – Use piers with bases, usually 457.2mm apart in the center (structure from left to right) and 304.8-457.2mm in the front and back of the structure. This spacing allows the use of the space underneath the structure as revenue generating opportunities for restrooms and facilities, such as franchises, vendor sales or fan memorabilia.

Other times, piers and foundations can “fit” into the structure of the building below. This allows the building to support the structure of the grandstand above by wrapping the piers within the wall for structural support without roof penetration. In this case, the architects and engineers of the design/build team will work closely with the grandstand engineer to determine the best way to support the grandstand load.



2: number of seats

As mentioned earlier, the seating capacity of the grandstand/bleacher industry is usually based on the 457.2mm pitch per seat. This is an industry standard, not necessarily what customers think is ideal. In seats with armrests, the spacing between each chair is usually 508mm as the standard. In some areas, for high school playoffs, the seating width is required to seat 609.6mm per bench. It is recommended to check the local high school rules association to determine specifically the seating capacity required.


3: range of visibility 

“Range of visibility” is a term used in the seating industry to determine the ability of spectators to see the playing field from their seats, over the heads of the row of spectators in front of them. The line of sight can be enhanced by steeper seat row spacing, lowering the front row height, or increasing the distance between the focal point of the field and the actual seat row. When selecting a grandstand or grandstand, consider the range of visibility when designing the space. Understand the factors involved in the range of visibility so that fans can have the ultimate experience and clear view at every venue.

 range of visibility

4: LEED environmental management and recyclability


The LEED™ (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Green Building Rating System, issued by the Green Building Council, is a voluntary, consensus-based national standard for developing high-performance, sustainable buildings. LEED provides a complete framework for assessing building performance and meeting sustainable site development, water conservation, energy efficiency, material selection and indoor environmental quality. LEED recognizes achievements in green building and promotes its expertise by providing an integrated system of program certification, professional certification, training, and practical resources.

The LEED Green Building Rating System is divided into two categories:

Percentage of content recycled after consumption

Percentage of components recovered after industry (before consumption)



Post time: Aug-25-2022